Pedagogy consists of the study of the techniques and methods that are used to impart teaching. This science is the basis that keeps the educational system in permanent evolution, it is a key tool that puts into practice strategies to achieve a more efficient education.
What is pedagogy?
Pedagogy is the science of education, it is framed within the social and humanistic sciences, it is closely related to the methods used to impart knowledge.
Basically, it is an interdisciplinary science, which analyzes different aspects of teaching, from the focus of research and analysis of educational theories.
For the study of education as a socio-cultural phenomenon, the extensiveness of the concept of pedagogy must be fully understood, for this reason relationships with sociology, history, anthropology, philosophy, psychology and politics are used.
The purpose of the pedagogue is to analyze theories and guide the actions that are carried out to impart knowledge. The educational system obeys the techniques, principles, methods and practical knowledge oriented to teaching.
If you examine history, you will see that many of the world-renowned pedagogues engaged in rethinking existing theories or devising new strategies to improve the educational process.
Pedagogy is associated with the permanent formation of the human being, for which it takes into account socio-cultural experiences, analyzing the individual in an integral way.
The object of study of pedagogy is education, this science guides its efforts to analyze the educational phenomenon, in relevant aspects such as the curriculum, new information technologies, teaching, research, administrative management and educational orientation.
Origin of pedagogy
Since ancient times, the great ancient civilizations such as the Greeks, Romans, Egyptians and Chinese, were the pioneers in establishing educational methods and systems, to facilitate the way of imparting knowledge.
Great thinkers of these empires, stated their interest in the importance of establishing methods to transfer knowledge and analysis techniques to citizens from an early age, with the aim of forming an analytical mind.
At first, these efforts were directed only to those who had the privilege of receiving an education. Now the evaluation of educational processes is done with a view to ensuring that quality education reaches everyone who wishes to acquire instruction.
In the seventeenth century, the traditional pedagogy movement emerged in France, which is based on the fact that a teacher imparts cultural and religious education to a group of students who only had to memorize, remaining in a passive role without interaction or the right to comment.
With free thinkers such as Pestalozzi, Rousseau, Herbart and Dewey, an evolution of traditional pedagogy is achieved, with a humanistic approach that leads to a more dynamic and positive educational system.
These pioneers in education lay the foundations for teaching methods that adapt to new concepts such as observation, experimentation, and logical reasoning.
Characteristic of pedagogy
Pedagogy is an effective, robust, and versatile tool in educational planning and design. This science uses methods and procedures to ensure that knowledge is transmitted in addition to values, to ensure that learning is comprehensive.
The field of pedagogy is so broad that it encompasses all possible areas where the child interacts, plays, studies and develops, this applies more specifically at home and at school.
The types of pedagogy that exist only vary because they add to their objectives due to the characteristics of the area of knowledge with which they relate, the most prominent are:
- children’s pedagogy,
- critical and conceptual pedagogy,
- social pedagogy and
Pedagogy is based on education, since it is dedicated to the systematization of methods for the transmission of knowledge in all areas of human life. If you are interested in this type of content, you will find useful information in other articles available on our blog.